The editorial of Thermal Engineering of this
issue continues the discussion on scientific research needs in
vital areas in which thermal engineering has important participation.
The main goal is to motivate the readers, within their specialties,
to identify possible subjects for their future research.
The ever-growing global energy demand requires de development of alternative fuels. That demand has propelled
the search for viable sources of clean energy. The investment in research and development in renewable energy has increased in recent
years and the economic viability of those sources of energy has become closer to reality. One of the major downsides of the production
of biofuels from vegetal sources is the use of land that would be used to produce food to produce agricultural products that will be used
to produce fuel. Taking that context in consideration, the development of a methodology economically viable that produces biofuels and bioproducts
from microalgae is a solution that meets the criteria. Energy applications is the biggest assets of microalgae growth; it can generate biohydrogen,
biodiesel and biogas. Biodiesel is produced from microalgae oil; gas methane is produced by the anaerobic digestion (AD) of microalgae biomass and
biohydrogen is produced by photolysis in the photochemical step of the photosynthesis. Hydrocarbons with similar composition of jet fuel can be obtained
from microalgae by distillation. Other than that, microalgae can be used as supplies for pharmaceutical companies with high added value product as carotenoids,
for example. Microalgae can be produced in photobioreactors (PBR’s). PBR’s are designed in a way that do not compete with the use of land for produce.
The mission of Thermal Engineering is to document
the scientific progress in areas related to thermal engineering
(e.g., energy, oil and renewable fuels). We are confident that
we will continue to receive articles’ submissions that contribute
to the progress of science.
Lauber Martins, Ph.D
Editorial Advisory Board